seed certification process

Much attention has focused on monoterpenes, largely because of their importance in studies of genetic variation and geographical distinction of plants, identification of origins of conifers in commercial plantations, seed certification, and identification of seed sources of plantations of unknown origin (Fady et al., 1992). In Bangladesh, the Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock has drafted the Law for Fish and Shrimp Hatchery 2005 known as “Matsha and Chingri Hatchery Ayen, 2005,” which includes requirements for registration of hatcheries and the rules for fish and shrimp hatchery operation with elaboration on aspects of hatchery operation such as physical infrastructure/facilities of hatchery, ponds, selection of brood fish for breeding, source of selected brood fish, environment, etc. Risk is inherent in all of agriculture, but the ginger industry appears to be more exposed to risk than many other agricultural endeavors (Fleming and Sato, 1998). Robert A. Owens, Jacobus Th.J. Indexing methods would need to be re-evaluated to enhance effective utilization. II. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. URL:, URL:, URL:, URL:, URL:, URL:, URL:, URL:, URL:, Lockhart and Wiseman's Crop Husbandry Including Grassland (Eighth Edition), Seed Resources and Supply Chain in Some Asian Countries, The Effects of Growth Environment and Agronomy on Grain Quality, Weed control is particularly important for, The Rice Seed System in India: Structure, Performance, and Challenges, Seed quality is the most important element of a seed-provisioning system. Certification Agency Certification shall be conducted by … Home-saved seed should be tested to avoid poor crop establishment and crop growth due to seed-borne disease. Seed certification is the process of certifying that these quality standards are met. Vinning (1990), in the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (AICIAR) technical report for marketing perspectives on a “Potential Pacific Spice Industry,” has given crop failure ratings for different spice crops, based on the above points. An integral approach to control the most serious problem in ginger cultivation—the prevalence of rhizome rot. It is possible that DNA-based tests will replace ELISA, at least in part. Serious outbreaks affecting both commercial production and potato breeding material were reported in several parts of the world over the next several decades. It involves field inspection, pre and post control … Looking for crop inspection reports? Seed certification is also designed to achieve prescribed standards. These schemes have been very successful at reducing the incidence of some diseases such as bunt or stinking smut in cereals. (1996) noted surveys of potato crops in Mexico failed to find PSTVd but speculated that the viroid might be present in wild solanaceous hosts. Seeds intended for domestic and international markets is controlled and inspected by official sources in order to guarantee consistent high quality for consumers. In blue spruce there also were major differences in synthesis of monoterpenes in the leaves when compared with the twigs and buds. Inadequately trained staff and poor infrastructure led to many SSCAs not being able to meet the growing certification demand, especially for nonhybrid crops, such as rice. Seasonal changes in relative percentages of monoterpenes in the volatile oil of mature leaves, buds, and young leaves of blue spruce: (A) 3-carene, α-pinene, and ß-pinene; (B) limonene and myrcene; (C) santene, tricyclene, camphene, and camphene hydrate; and (D) camphor, bornyl acetate, and borneol. In developing such cropping systems, adequate attention must be given to the cost–benefit ratio. Grass weeds are also important alternative hosts for cereal pests and diseases which impact quality. High fiber content and high cost of production are the deterrents which make Indian ginger uncompetitive, both qualitywise and pricewise. A proper fish seed certification process does not exist in many countries in the region. TCDVd was reported from greenhouse-grown tomatoes in Canada (Singh et al., 1999) and there have been isolated reports of TCDVd in greenhouse tomatoes in Arizona and Colorado (Ling et al., 2009; Verhoeven et al., 2004). PSTVd was also found in potato clones and true potato seed maintained at the International Potato Center in Lima, Peru (Peiman and Xie, 2006; Salazar et al., 1983). I. Mastenbroek, in Advances in Botanical Research, 1996. There is a great urgency to popularize the concept among as many ginger farmers as possible to reap the full benefit of global ginger marketing from this segment. Seed Certification Schemes ensure that seed lots meet strict standards for presence of seed-borne diseases. Speaking to the Star on Monday, Kibet said the seed certification process involves three stages, including variety descriptions. Seed certification is a quality assurance system whereby seed intended for marketing is subject to official control and inspection. However, the ANOVA indicates that the price variability of ginger is greater than the yield variability. These were emitted in a rhythmic manner, with a maximum in the middle of the photoperiod. Indian farmers need to be urgently educated on various aspects of ginger production, right from sowing to harvest and proper postharvest technology. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. Details available in The Annual Seed Certification Activity Summary.

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